**QuIN LAB **

**2021**

1. Dongyeon Daniel Kang*, Aaron Gross*, HeeBong Yang*, Yusuke Morita, Kyung Soo Choi, Kosuke Yoshioka, Na Young Kim, **Temperature Study of Rydberg Exciton Optical Properties in Cu2O,** Phys. Rev. B 103, 205203 (2021)

Rydberg excitons in Cu2O can be an emergent platform for solid-state quantum information processing by utilizing the exaggerated properties of high-lying excited states within the material. To develop practical quantum systems, high-temperature operation is desirable. Here, we study the temperature-dependence of the yellow and green Rydberg exciton resonances in a thin Cu2O crystal via broad-band phonon-assisted absorption spectra between 4 K and 100 K. At 4 K, we can identify the principal quantum number n = 11 yellow and n = 4 green Rydberg exciton states, beyond which we are limited by the spectral resolution of standard absorption techniques. Above liquid nitrogen boiling temperature (~80 K), the n = 6 yellow and n = 4 green Rydberg exciton states are readily captured and higher-temperature yellow Rydberg exciton optical properties still exhibit the standard scaling laws seen at low temperatures. This promising result lays the groundwork for a new route to build a high-temperature Rydberg quantum information processing architecture with solid-state Cu2O. [DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.103.205203][arXiv:2105.00326]

1. Kristiaan De Greve, Peter L. McMahon, Leo Yu, Jason Pelc, Chandra M. Natarajan, *Na Young Kim*, Eisuke Abe, Sebastian Maier, Christian Schneider, Martin Kamp, Sven Höfling, Robert H. Hadfield, Alfred Forchel, M. M. Fejer, Yoshihisa Yamamoto, **Complete tomography of a high-fidelity solid-state entangled spin-photon qubit pair**, Nat. Comms. 4, 421 (2013)

Entanglement between stationary quantum memories and photonic qubits is crucial for future quantum communication networks. Although high-fidelity spin–photon entanglement was demonstrated in well-isolated atomic and ionic systems, in the solid-state, where massively parallel, scalable networks are most realistically conceivable, entanglement fidelities are typically limited due to intrinsic environmental interactions. Distilling high-fidelity entangled pairs from lower-fidelity precursors can act as a remedy, but the required overhead scales unfavourably with the initial entanglement fidelity. With spin–photon entanglement as a crucial building block for entangling quantum network nodes, obtaining high-fidelity entangled pairs becomes imperative for practical realization of such networks. Here we report the first results of complete state tomography of a solid-state spin–photon-polarization-entangled qubit pair, using a single electron-charged indium arsenide quantum dot. We demonstrate record-high fidelity in the solid-state of well over 90%, and the first (99.9%-confidence) achievement of a fidelity that will unambiguously allow for entanglement distribution in solid-state quantum repeater networks.[DOI:10.1038/ncomms3228]

2. Christian Schneider, Arash Rahimi-Iman, *Na Young Kim*, Juulian Fischer, Ivan G. Savenko, Mattias Amthor, Matthias Lermer, Adriana Wolf, Lukas Worschech, Vladimir D. Kulakovskii, Ivan A. Shelykh, Martin Kamp, Stephan Reitzenstein, Alfred Forchel, Yoshihisa Yamamoto, Sven Höfling, **An electrically pumped polariton laser**, Nature 497, 348 (2013)

**Hightlights**: [Stanford News][LaserFocusWorld][Photonics][Optics.org][Asme.org][Design products & applications]

Conventional semiconductor laser emission relies on stimulated emission of photons, which sets stringent requirements on the minimum amount of energy necessary for its operation. In comparison, exciton–polaritons in strongly coupled quantum well micro cavities can undergo stimulated scattering that promises more energy-efficient generation of coherent light by ‘polariton lasers’. Polariton laser operation has been demonstrated in optically pumped semiconductor microcavities at temperatures up to room temperature, and such lasers can outperform their weak-coupling counterparts in that they have a lower threshold density. Even though polariton diodes have been realized, electrically pumped polariton laser operation, which is essential for practical applications, has not been achieved until now. Here we present an electrically pumped polariton laser based on a microcavity containing multiple quantum wells. To prove polariton laser emission unambiguously, we apply a magnetic field and probe the hybrid light–matter nature of the polaritons. Our results represent an important step towards the practical implementation of polaritonic light sources and electrically injected condensates, and can be extended to room-temperature operation using wide-bandgap materials. [DOI:10.1038/nature12036]

3. *Na Young Kim*, Kenichiro Kusudo, Andreas Loeffler, Sven Höfling, Alfred Forchel, Yoshihisa Yamamoto, **Exciton-polariton condensates near the Dirac point in a triangular lattice**, New J. Phys. 15, 035032 (2013)

Dirac particles, massless relativistic entities, obey linear energy dispersions and hold important implications in particle physics. The recent discovery of Dirac fermions in condensed matter systems including graphene and topological insulators has generated a great deal of interest in exploring the relativistic properties associated with Dirac physics in solid-state materials. In addition, there are stimulating research activities to engineer Dirac particles, elucidating their exotic physical properties in a controllable setting. One of the successful platforms is the ultracold atom–optical lattice system, whose dynamics can be manipulated and probed in a clean environment. A microcavity exciton–polariton–lattice system offers the advantage of forming high-orbital condensation in non-equilibrium conditions, which enables one to explore novel quantum orbital order in two dimensions. In this paper, we experimentally construct the band structures near Dirac points, the vertices of the first hexagonal Brillouin zone with exciton–polariton condensates trapped in a triangular lattice. Due to the finite spectral linewidth, the direct map of band structures at Dirac points is elusive; however, we identify the linear part above Dirac points and its associated velocity value is ~0.9–2 × 10^8 cm/s, consistent with the theoretical estimate 1 × 10^8 cm/s with a 2 *μ*m lattice constant. We envision that the exciton–polariton condensates in lattices would be a promising solid-state platform, where the system order parameter can be accessed in both real and momentum spaces.[DOI:10.1088/1367-2630/15/3/035032][arXiv:1210.2153]

4. Kenichiro Kusudo, *Na Young Kim*, Andreas Loeffler, Sven Höfling, Alfred Forchel, Yoshihisa Yamamoto, **Stochastic formation of polariton condensates in two degenerate orbital states**, Phys. Rev. B 87, 214503 (2013)

We explore the exciton-polariton condensation in two degenerate orbital states. In the honeycomb lattice potential, at the third band we have two degenerate vortex-antivortex lattice states at inequivalent K– and K′-points. We have observed energetically degenerate condensates within the linewidth ∼0.3 meV, and directly measured the vortex-antivortex lattice phase order of the order parameter. We have also observed the intensity anticorrelation between polariton condensates at the K– and K′-points. We relate this intensity anticorrelation to the dynamical feature of polariton condensates induced by the stochastic relaxation from the common particle reservoir.[DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.87.214503][arXiv:1211.3833]

5. Hao Zhang, *Na Young Kim*, Yoshihisa Yamamoto, Neil Na, **Very strong coupling in GaAs based optical microcavities**, Phys. Rev. B 87, 115303 (2013)

We show that when following a simple cavity design metric, a quantum well exciton-microcavity photon coupling constant can be made substantially larger than the exciton binding energy in GaAs-based optical microcavities. Consequently the very strong coupling regime becomes accessible in which a strong asymmetry between upper and lower polariton branches may be observed experimentally. We further show that the corresponding polariton dissociation and saturation boundaries on the phase diagram are much extended, which suggests the possibility of constructing a room temperature, high power exciton-polariton laser without resorting to wide band-gap semiconductors.[DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.87.115303][arXiv:1210.0294]

1. *Na Young Kim*, Kenichiro Kusudo, Congjun Wu, Naoyuki Masumoto, Andreas Loeffler, Sven Höfling, Norio Kumada, Lukas Worschech, Alfred Forchel, Yoshihisa Yamamoto, **Dynamical d-wave condensation of exciton-polaritons in a two-dimensional square-lattice potential**, Nature Phys. 7, 681 (2011)

Macroscopic order appears as the collective behaviour of many interacting particles. Prime examples are superfluidity in helium, atomic Bose–Einstein condensation, *s*-wave and *d* -wave superconductivity and metal–insulator transitions. Such physical properties are tightly linked to spin and charge degrees of freedom and are greatly enriched by orbital structures. Moreover, high-orbital states of bosons exhibit exotic orders distinct from the orders with real-valued bosonic ground states. Recently, a wide range of related phenomena have been studied using atom condensates in optical lattices, but the experimental observation of high-orbital orders has been limited to momentum space. Here we establish microcavity exciton–polariton condensates as a promising alternative for exploring high-orbital orders. We observe the formation of *d* -orbital condensates on a square lattice and characterize their coherence properties in terms of population distributions both in real and momentum space.[DOI:10.1038/nphys2012]

2. D. Sleiter, *N. Y. Kim,* K. Nozawa, T. D. Ladd, M. L. W. Thewalt, Yoshihisa Yamamoto, **Quantum Hall chage sensor to detect a single nuclear spin in Si**, New J. Phys. 12, 093028 (2010)

We present an optical setup with focus-tunable lenses to dynamically control the waist and focus position of a laser beam, in which we transport a trapped ultracold cloud of 87Rb over a distance of . The scheme allows us to shift the focus position at constant waist, providing uniform trapping conditions over the full transport length. The fraction of atoms that are transported over the entire distance comes near to unity, while the heating of the cloud is in the range of a few microkelvin. We characterize the position stability of the focus and show that residual drift rates in focus position can be compensated for by counteracting with the tunable lenses. Beyond being a compact and robust scheme to transport ultracold atoms, the reported control of laser beams makes dynamic tailoring of trapping potentials possible. As an example, we steer the size of the atomic cloud by changing the waist size of the dipole beam.[DOI:10.1088/1367-2630/16/9/093028] [arXiv:1005.1064]
3. Tim Byrnes, *Na Young Kim*, Kenichiro Kusudo, Yoshihisa Yamamoto, **Quantum simulator of Hubbard models in semiconductor quantum dot arrays**, Phys. Rev. B 78, 075320 (2008)

We propose a device for studying the Fermi-Hubbard model with long-range Coulomb interactions using an array of coupled quantum dots defined in a semiconductor two-dimensional electron-gas system. Bands above the lowest energy band are used to form the Hubbard model, so that a high average electron density may be used to implement the device. We find that depending on the average electron density, the system is well described by a one- or two-band Hubbard model. Our device design enables the control of the ratio of the Coulomb interaction to the kinetic energy of the electrons independently to the filling of the quantum dots, such that a large portion of the Hubbard phase diagram may be probed. Estimates of the Hubbard parameters suggest that a metal-Mott insulator quantum phase transition and a d-wave superconducting phase should be observable using current technologies. [DOI:0.1103/PhysRevB.78.075320] [arXiv:0711.2841]

4. *Na Young Kim*, Chih-Wei Lai, Shoko Utsunomiya, Georgios Roumpos, Hui Deng, Michael Fraser, Tim Byrnes, Patrik Recher, N. Kumda, T. Fujisawa, Yoshihisa Yamamoto, **GaAs microcavity exciton-polaritons in a trap**, Phys. Stat. Sol. (b) 245, 1076 (2008)

We present a simple method to create an in-plane lateral potential in a semiconductor microcavity using a metal thin-film. Two types of potential are produced: a circular aperture and a one-dimensional (1D) periodic grating pattern. The amplitude of the potential induced by a 24 nm – 6 nm Au/Ti film is on the order of a few hundreds of μeV measured at 6–8 K. Since the metal layer makes the electromagnetic fields to be close to zero at the metal–semiconductor interface, the photon mode is confined more inside of the cavity. As a consequence, the effective cavity length is reduced under the metal film, and the corresponding cavity resonance is blue-shifted. Our experimental results are in a good agreement with theoretical estimates. In addition, by applying a DC electric voltage to the metal film, we are able to modify the quantum well exciton mode due to the quantum confined Stark effect, inducing a ∼1 meV potential at ∼20 kV/cm. Our method produces a controllable in-plane spatial trap potential for lower exciton-polaritons (LPs), which can be a building block towards 1D arrays and 2D lattices of LP condensates.[DOI:10.1002:pssb.200777610] [arXiv:0805.4673]
5. C.W. Lai, *N. Y. Kim,* S. Utsunomiya, H. Deng, G. Roumpos, M. Fraser, T. Byrnes, P. Recher, N. Kumda, T. Fujisawa, Y. Yamamoto, **Coherent zero-state and pi-state in an exciton-polariton condensate array,** Nature 450, 529 (2007)

6. *Na Young Kim*, Patrik Recher, William D. Oliver, Yoshihisa Yamamoto, Jing Kong, Hongjie Dai, **Tomonaga-Luttinger liquid features in ballistic single-walled carbon nanotubes: conductance and shot noise**, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 036802 (2007)

We study the electrical transport properties of well-contacted ballistic single-walled carbon nanotubes in a three-terminal configuration at low temperatures. We observe signatures of strong electron-electron interactions: the conductance exhibits bias-voltage-dependent amplitudes of quantum interference oscillation, and both the current noise and Fano factor manifest bias-voltage-dependent power-law scalings. We analyze our data within the Tomonaga-Luttinger liquid model using the nonequilibrium Keldysh formalism and find qualitative and quantitative agreement between experiment and theory.[DOI:10.1103/PhysRevLett.99.036802][arXiv:cond-mat/0610196]
7. Tim Byrnes, Patrik Recher, *Na Young Kim,* Shoko Utsunoiya, Yoshihisa Yamamoto, **Quantum simulator for the Hubbard model with long-range Coulomb interactions using surface acoustic waves**, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 016405 (2007)

An experimental scheme for a quantum simulator of strongly correlated electrons is proposed. Our scheme employs electrons confined in a two-dimensional electron gas in a GaAs/AlGaAsheterojunction. Two surface acoustic waves are then induced in the substrate, creating a two-dimensional “egg-carton” potential. The dynamics of the electrons in this potential are described by a Hubbard model with long-range Coulomb interactions. Estimates of the Hubbard parameters suggest that observations of quantum phase transition phenomena are within experimental reach. [DOI:10.1103/PhysRevLett.99.016405][arXiv:cond-mat/0608142]

8. Patrik Recher, *Na Young Kim*, Yoshihisa Yamamoto, **Tomonaga-Luttinger liquid correlations and Fabry-Perot interference in conductance and finite-frequency shot noise in a single-walled carbon nanotube**, Phys. Rev. B 74, 235438 (2006)

We present a detailed theoretical investigation of transport through a single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT) in good contact to metal leads where weak backscattering at the interfaces between SWNT and source and drain reservoirs gives rise to electronic Fabry-Perot (FP) oscillations in conductance and shot noise. We include the electron-electron interaction and the finite length of the SWNT within the inhomogeneous Tomonaga-Luttinger liquid (TLL) model and treat the nonequilibrium effects due to an applied bias voltage within the Keldysh approach. In low-frequency transport properties, the TLL effect is apparent mainly via power-law characteristics as a function of bias voltage or temperature at energy scales above the finite level spacing of the SWNT. The FP frequency is dominated by the noninteracting spin-mode velocity due to two degenerate subbands rather than the interacting charge velocity. At higher frequencies, the excess noise is shown to be capable of resolving the splintering of the transported electrons arising from the mismatch of the TLL parameter at the interface between metal reservoirs and SWNT’s. This dynamics leads to a periodic shot-noise suppression as a function of frequency and with a period that is determined solely by the charge velocity. At large bias voltages, these oscillations are dominant over the ordinary FP oscillations caused by two weak backscatterers. This makes shot noise an invaluable tool to distinguish the two mode velocities in the SWNT.[DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.74.235438][arXiv:cond-mat/0604613]
1. *Na Young Kim*, Wolfgang Nitsche, Yoshihisa Yamamoto, ** Berensenskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless phase of an exciton-polariton gas**, Book Chapter of Universal Themes of Bose-Einstein Condensation, Cambridge University Press (2017)

2. *Na Young Kim,* Yoshihisa Yamamoto, ** Exciton-polariton quantum simulator**, Book Chapter of Quantum Simulations of Photons and Polaritons, Springer & Verlag (2017), arXiv:1510.08203 (2015)

3. *Na Young Kim*, Kenichiro Kusudo, Tim Byres, Naoyuki Masomuto, Yoshihisa Yamamoto, ** High-orbital microcavity exciton-polariton condensation**, Book Chapter of Quantum Information Processing, Springer & Verlag (2014)

4. *Na Young Kim*, **Polariton lasers**, McGRAW-HILL EDUCATION Encyclopedia/Yearbook of Science and Technology (2014)

5. *Na Young Kim*, Yoshihisa Yamamoto, Shoko Utsunomiya, Kenichiro Kusudo, Sven Höfling, Alfred Forchel, **Chapter 8. Exciton-polariton condensates in zero-, one-, and two-dimensional lattice,**Physics of Quantum Fluids: New Trends and Hot Topics in Atomic and Polariton Condensates, Springer & Verlag (2013)

6. *Na Young Kim,* **Chapter 3. Electron Transport in Carbon Nanotubes**, Handbook of Nanophysics Vol. 4: Nanotubes and Nanowires, Taylor & Francis (2010)

1. Sven Höfling, Matthias Amthor, Arash Rahimi-Iman, *Na Young Kim*, Julian Fischer, Ivan G. Savenko, Vladimir D. Kulakovskii, Ivan A. Shelykh, Stephan Reitzenstein, Alfred Forchel, Yoshihisa Yamamoto, Martin Kamp, Christian Schneider, **An electrically pumped polariton laser**, 2015 IEEE Photonics Conference, 613-614 (2015)

2. M. Amthor, J. Fischer, I. G. Savenko, I. A. Shelykh, A. Chernenko, A. Rahimi-Iman, V. D. Kulakovskii, S. Reitzenstein, *N. Y. Kim*, M. Durnev, A. V. Kavokin, Y. Yamamoto, A. Forchel, M. Kamp, C. Schneider, S. Höfling,** Exciton-polariton laser diodes**, SPIE/COS Photonics Asia, 92770Q-92770Q-7 (2014)

3. Arash Rahimi-Iman, Christian Schneider, *Na Young Kim*, Julian Fischer, Ivan G. Savenko, Matthias Amthor, Lukas Worschech, Vladimir D. Kulakovskii, Ivan A. Shelykh, Martin Kamp, Stephan Reitzenstein, Alfred Forchel, Yoshihisa Yamamoto, Sven Höfling, **An Electrically Driven Polariton Laser**, Asia Communications and Photonics Conference, AW3B.6 (2013)

A new type of electrically pumped semiconductor laser has been demonstrated which promises an energy efficient laser operation: Recent achievements in the field of ‘polariton-laser’ development are presented and an outlook is given. [DOI:10.1364/ACPC.2013.AW3B.6]

4. Matthias Amthor, Christian Schneider, Julian Fischer, *Na Young Kim*, Lukas Worschech, Vladimir D. Kulakovskii, Martin Kamp, Alfred Forchel, Yoshihisa Yamamoto, Sven Höfling, **A new type of laser diode: A polariton laser diode operated under electrical pumping**, Laser Tech.: Imaging & Microscopy. 10, 803 (2013)

A Polariton Laser Diode Operated Under Electrical Pumping [article]

5. Sven Höfling, Kristiaan De Greve, Peter L. McMahon, David Press, Leo Yu, Jason Pelc, Chandra M. Natarajan, *Na Young Kim*, Thaddeus Ladd, Eisuke Abe, Sebastian Maier, Dirk Bisping, Fabian Langer, Christian Schneider, Martin Kamp, Robert H. Hadfield, Alfred Forchel, M. M. Fejer, Yoshihisa Yamamoto, **Single spins in semiconductor quantum dot microcavities**, SPIE Nanoscience+ Engineering, 88130F-88130F-7 (2013)

Semiconductor quantum dots can be utilized to capture single electron or hole spins and they have therewith promise for various applications in fields like spintronics, spin based quantum information processing and chiral photonics. We integrate quantum dots into semiconductor microcavities to enhance light-matter interaction for ultrafast optical manipulation and read-out. Single electron and single hole spins can be statistically or deterministically loaded into the quantum dots and coherently controlled. Within the about μs-coherence times of the spins about 105 complete single qubit rotations can be performed with ultrafast optical pulses. By utilizing a Λ-type energy level system of a single quantum-dot electron spin in a magnetic field and ultrafast non-linear frequency conversion, quantum-dot spin-photon entanglement is observed.[DOI:10.1117/12.2025332]

6. Leo Yu, Jason Pelc, Kristiaan De Greve, Peter L. McMahon, Chandra M. Natarajan, *Na Young Kim,* Eisuke Abe, Vahid Esfandyarpour, Sebastian Maier, Christian Schneider, Martin Kamp, Sven Höfling, Robert H. Hadfield, Alfred Forchel, M. M. Fejer, Yoshihisa Yamamoto, **Ultrafast downconversion quantum interface for a single quantum dot spin and 1550-nm single-photon channel**, CLEO: QELS_Fundamental Science, QM3B.7 (2013)

We report an ultrafast downconversion quantum interface, where 910-nm single photons from a quantum dot are downconverted to the 1.5-μm telecom band with sub-10 picosecond pulses at 2.2-μm, enabling the demonstration of quantum-dot spin-photon entanglement. [10.1364/CLEO_QELS.2013.QM3B.7]

7. Wolfgang H. Nitsche, *Na Young Kim*, Georgios Roumpos, Sven Höfling, Alfred Forchel, Yoshihisa Yamamoto, **Observation of BKT transition in BEC of exciton-polaritons in a semiconductor microcavity**, CLEO: QELS_Fundamental Science, QM1D.3 (2013)

8. *Na Young Kim*, Kenichiro Kusudo, Yoshihisa Yamamoto. Andreas Löffler, Sven Höfling, Alfred Forchel, **Degenerate high-orbital microcavity exciton-poalriton condensates in a lattice**, CLEO: QELS_Fundamental Science, QW3C.5 (2013)

9. Shruti Puri, *Na Young Kim*, Yoshihisa Yamamoto, **Exciton-polariton mediated universal quantum computing,** CLEO: QELS_Fundamental Science: OSA Technical Digest*, *QM3C.5 (2013)

We propose a scheme for universal quantum computation with electron spin qubits.

The scheme requires electrical control and manipulation of single spin qubit, along with

exciton-polariton mediated two-qubit operation and single shot quantum non-demolition

(QND) readout.[DOI:10.1364/CLEO_QELS.2013.QM3C.5]

10. Kristiaan De Greve, Peter L. McMahon, Leo Yu, Jason Pelc, Chandra M. Natarajan, David Press, *Na Young Kim*, Eisuke Abe, Dirk Bisping, Sebastian Maier, Christian Schneider, Martin Kamp, Sven Höfling, Robert H. Hadfield, Alfred Forchel, M. M. Fejer, Yoshihisa Yamamoto, **Ultrafast optical control of individual electron and hole spin qubits: entanglement between a single quantum dot electron spin and a downconverted 1560-nm single photon**, Proc. SPIE 8635, Advances in Photonics of Quantum Computing, Memory, and Communication VI*, *86350B (2013)

11. C. Schneider, j. Fischer, M. Amthor, S. Brodbeck, I. G. Savenko, I. A. Shelykh, A. Chernenko, A. Rahimi-Iman, Vladmir D Kulakovskii, S. Reitzenstein, *N. Y. Kim*, M. Durnev, A. V. Kavokin, Y. Yamamoto, A. Forchel, M. Kamp, S. Höfling, **Exciton-polariton lasers in magnetic fields**, Proc. SPIE 8993, Quantum Sensng and Nanophotonic Devices XI, 899308 (2013)

12. Darin Sleiter, *Na Young Kim*, Katsuya Nozawa, Thaddeus D. Ladd, Michael L. Thewalt, Yoshihisa Yamamoto, **Quantum Hall charge sensor for single-donor nuclear spin detection in Silicon**, in Latin America Optics and Photonics Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) paper TuG1(Optical Society of America, 2010)

13. P. Recher, *N. Y. Kim*, Y. Yamamoto, **Non-equilibrium transport through a single-walled carbon nanotube with highly transparent coupling to reservoirs**, Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium on Foundations of Quantum Mechanics in the light of new technology, World Scientific Publishing Co Pte Ltd (2006)

14. W. D. Oliver, G. Feve, *N. Y. Kim,* F. Yamaguchi,Y. Yamamoto, **The Generation and Detection of Single and Entangled Electrons in Mesoscopic 2DEG systems**, Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Quantum Noise in Mesoscopic Physics, ed. Yuli V. Nazarov (Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecher) 97, 275 (2003)

15. Shruti Puri, *Na Young Kim*, Eisuke Abe, Yoshihisa Yamamoto, **Towards all optical, universal quantum computation using trapped electron spins and cavity polariton resonance**, arXiv:1208.2252 (2012)

We propose an all optical quantum computation scheme, with trapped electron spin qubits, using their Coulomb exchange interaction with optically excited microcavity exciton-polaritons. This paper describes a single qubit rotation, which together with two-qubit controlled-z gate presented in PRB 85, 241403(R) (2012), form a set of universal logic gates. The errors due to finite cavity lifetime and incorrect orientation of the rotation axis are minimized by optimizing pump pulse parameters. With projective homodyne phase measurement and initialization, our scheme is a promising candidate for the physical realization of a universal quantum computer.[arXiv: 1208.2252]

16. *N. Y. Kim*, W. D. Oliver, Y. Yamamoto, Y. Hirayama, **Shot noise suppression at non-integer conductance plateaus in a quantum point contact**, arXiv:cond-mat/0311435** **(2003)

We study non-equilibrium differential conductance and current fluctuations in a single quantum point contact. The two-terminal electrical transport properties — differential conductance and shot noise — are measured at 1.5 K as a function of the drain-source voltage and the Schottky split-gate voltage. In differential conductance measurements, conductance plateaus appear at integer multiples of 2e^2/h when the drain-source voltage is small, and the plateaus evolve to a fractional of 2e^2/h as the drain-source voltage increases. Our shot noise measurements correspondingly show that the shot noise signal is highly suppressed at both the integer and the non-integer conductance plateaus. This main feature can be understood by the induced electrostatic potential model within a single electron picture. In addition, we observe the 0.7 structure in the differential conductance and the suppressed shot noise around 0.7 (2e^2/h); however, the previous single-electron model cannot explain the 0.7 structure and the noise suppression, suggesting that this characteristic relates to the electron-electron interactions.[arXiv:cond-mat/0311435]